It is therefore necessary to recognize the South as a heterogeneous entity without sacrificing the differences and distinctiveness existing among the large variety of countries and continents referenced under the umbrella term. These individual and particular historical and political relations, in terms of their geographical significance, can be intricately contingent. A homogenous South can only obscure these particular historical relationships, by ignoring the different degrees of co-operation and resistance among the South’s many countries and specific regions. A theory of the South cannot be teoria povera, which is constructed solely on the basis of the North–South divide, by distancing the North and by imagining an ideally united solidarity of the South. Firstly, in order to more thoroughly emphasize the significance of these layered intricacies, the realities of differences in the cultural, political, economic and demographic make-up of the South’s various countries shall be examined and articulated. Therefore, it must be kept in mind that the term, “the global South,” is unable to address and/or articulate the complexities of the particular localities whereby the interrelations among certain countries and the historical tensions of their respective regions are left unnoticeable, or are deliberately elided.